Tejano Music

The roots of the popular Tejano music are diverse and widespread throughout the world. It runs as deep as the cultures, traditions and people through the music. Tejano is a Spanish word which means Texan. This particular music is combined with Texas and Mexico music also known as Tex-Mex music. It comprises of many musical ensembles, genres, and patters of music. It is a musical industry that has several musicians as well as workers, festivals, radio stations, and more. The music has a whole lot of followers both nationally and internationally. As a result, it has earned immense popularity today. The music has successfully sustained and continues to be an integral part as far as cultural identity and creative expression of the Mexican and Texas people are concerned.


The typical Tejano music started to develop between the 1820s and 1830s. With the unity of people and distinct cultures coming together during this period in Mexican, Spanish, Texan, and Anglo Texan, the music became highly popular and in demand. If you want to understand what tejano music is all about, it is crucial to get well versed with the history of Tejano people. They are basically people living in Texas that are Mexican and Indigenous people. The Spaniards took over American in the late 1400s and in the 1600s, they colonized Tejas. During this period, they mixed and tied wedding knots with the indigenous people so as to form a mestizo people. Mestizo means a part of American, Indian and Spanish. And, Tejanos are basically mestizos. The population of mestizo revolted against the espanoles and independence was achieved by Mexicans from Spaniards in 1821.

Main Elements of Tejano music

There are distinct categories as far as music and bands of Tejano music are concerned. Out of many, there are three main categories which include modern, orchestra and conjunto. Conjunto music is composed of bass, bajo, accordion and drums. Some of the best examples of bands in this type of music include The Hometown Boys, Esteban Steve Jordan and Jamie Y Los Chamacos.  The Texas Revolution and Ruben Ramos are some of the popular examples of an orchestra. When it comes to modern bands, Gary Hobbs, La Sombra, La Mafia, Elida Reyna Y Avante and Selena are the best examples. In addition to these, there are other categories of Tejano music which are urban, pop and progressive music. These categories come under Tejano music.


Tejano music is a popular regional style of music in many communities of Tejano besides many parts of the United States. Johnny Canales, Freddy Fender, and Pete Astudillo are some of the popular artists of Tejano music.  This particular music is quite popular and hence many organizations like the Guadalupe Arts Center based in San Antonia organize several annual festivals during spring. Tejano music is basically dance music which cannot be segregated from one another. Manuel Pena the famous theoretician and academic of Tejano music  has well defined it. As per him, it is not just one kind of music but a combination of many music ensembles, genres and their patterns.

Spanish music has over the years been a very important part of European music as it played a vital role in western music development. It was also a major influence on the music in Latin America.

Spanish Baroque music

Spanish Baroque music is basically a combination of school as well as popular music. Melody, instrumentation, color, and rhythms all have a bit of Arabian touch to it. The development of Baroque music took place not through court music but popular music. Thereafter, it was included into the tradition of Spain. The Spanish that belonged to the 18th century were always fascinated by the 16th century’s polyphony and music was composed in such a style.

Popular composers of Spain

The composers of Spain like Antonio Literes, Sebastian Duron and Jose de Torres made use of combined rhythms. As far as Literes is concerned, there are quartet of 4 different voices and each using a different rhythm while singing with accents that falls in various places. Several Spanish composers during that period were dissatisfied with the voice and the rhythm of the bass. They added several rhythms with the percussion and continuo.

Some of the complex rhythms like a flamenco drum player restructured this particular atmosphere. The changes in the rhythm in Spanish baroque music remain constant. When it comes to the pizzicato string continuo which played similar to guitars, the typical tetra chords, the castanets combined with classic gallant is something that attracts the listeners always.

Overview of Tono humano

The tono humano is basically a Castilian language performed for theatrical productions in addition to chamber music. It is a vocal composition with either one or more voices with a usual structure based on a compilation of verses and refrain. The main themes involved here are tragedy, triumph and love. The basic structure and its pattern, the range of styles and forms areconsiderable and also include a prolonged passage of recitative of the Italy. The stylistcharacteristics of the tono humano are basically the use of beautiful rhythms that are popular hemiola styles and lyricism that never fails.

Scope of theatre music in Spain

The theatre music indeed became quite popular in Spain in the 17th century, mostly in court circles. The combination of elements exists from the operatic innovation patterns of Italy, the court theatre music of France and the original vocal and instrumental practices of Spanish. Philip IV had a keen interest for theatre and during his kingdom music evolved in the various kinds of stage productions such as the Comedia, the zarzuela and Opera. The comedia was interpolated by none other than tono humano. The zarzuela is basically a dramatic entertainment that includes arioso and recitative passages in additionto tonoshumano. As far as Italian styled opera is concerned, it took a little time to form itself in Spain.

Origin of Zarzuela

The foundation of zarzuela dates back to the 17th century and its name was originated from a pavilion that was overgrown with bushes of blackberry in a remote area of El Prado Park. Several actors would gather at this pavilion to exhibit their plays and also entertained the King Philip IV.  The major difference between Spain and other European countries is merely the nobility. The noblemen in Spain that were not close to the court did not have much influence on music when compared to the provincial noblemen in France and Italy. The composition of music mainly took place with popular composers in Madrid.

Spanish music has over the years been a very important part of European music as it played a vital role in western music development. It was also a major influence on the music in Latin America.

School music tours available in Spain

Spain is a country where a lot of students within and outside Spain usually visit on musical tours. There is always a lot to learn and see during such tours, especially for those who are only aware of their influence on pop music in Latin America.

It is safe to say that Spain has a very evocative, passionate, lively and rich music. There are various and diverse type of Spanish music in the several various regions of Spain. Every music type has its own characteristic instruments blend and sounds. It is possible to get confused by Spanish music riches. Some of the favorite classic music tours in Spain include the Zarzuela, flamenco and Regional music.


Your school should experience the Zarzuela performance if they decide to go on a music tour. The Zarzuela is the opera version in Spain. There are switches between portions that are sung and other portions that are spoken. The performance is usually done alongside an orchestra, and performed by ensemble members and soloists. Various areas have different types of opera play in Spain. Examples include the Catalan Zarzuela, Basque Zarzuela and Catalonia Zarzuela, including the different Hispanic colonies derivatives like the Philippines and Cuba. However, Romantic and Baroque are the two min zarzuela form. You can easily get insights into the culture and history of Spain that will be valuable if you watch both styles performances.


If you are just going to Spain for the first time, or going for a music tour in Spain for the first time, as a school or an individual, attending a flamenco performance will give you an unforgettable and impressive beginning. Linked to the gypsies of Andalusia, the musical form and historic art gives visual and audio delight to the viewers. In 2010, it was declared as ‘Masterpieces of the Intangible and Oral Humanity Heritage, by UNESCO. The flamenco is composed of a lot of elements including zapateados (stomps), Palmas (clapping), baile (dance), toque (guitar music) and cante (singing). All of these of interwoven in such a way that a masterpiece that is seamless is created. You are sure to get humanities, culture, art and history lessons, all at once, by visiting a traditional venue to watch the flamenco.

Regional music

The Aragon region is majorly known for the traditional Spanish dance known as jota. It features percussion and chord instruments alongside dancers who are holding castanets. Visiting Leon, Madrid and Castile on a music tour can give you the opportunity to witness this performance. The version of the jota in these 3 cities is slower than the ones in Aragon, with the instruments been a bit different. You can also visit northwest Atlantic areas such as Asturias, Cantabria and Galacia to witness the use of bagpipes to create a different sound type. Music that is influenced by Moor can be experienced in the Basque area.

There are several lovely music tours available in Spain. This has led to a lot of interest in local and international Spanish music tours been organized. The tours give the opportunity to learn about humanities, culture, art and history of Spain.

Spanish music has over the years been a very important part of European music as it played a vital role in western music development. It was also a major influence on the music in Latin America.

Why Spanish music is interesting

There are various music types you are likely to come across if you reside in Spain or ever take a trip to the country. Most of the music types were influenced by Moorish, Arabic and German cultures. Spanish songs have different styles and forms, despite the fact that a lot of people often confuse Spanish music to be the same thing as flamenco, which is just on genre of Spanish music. Here are some factors that make Spanish music interesting.


The history of Spanish music is a very long one that shows a heavy influence of Roman culture and Christian era since before 100AD. With time, there were further influences from other cultures including the Moors, Arabs, Jews, German and Greek culture, which left its mark on Spanish music. Musicians from Spain were able to travel across Europe during the Renaissance era and got to know more about other types of music in the European countries they visited. They subsequently shared such knowledge upon their return.

Continuous Development

Another major strength of Spanish songs that makes it interesting, is the fact that it is continuously been improved upon. Despite the early history of Spanish music, there were a lot of improvement during the eighteenth and twentieth centuries, with new genres emerging including popular, guitar and opera. All of these have enhanced the unique nature of traditional Spanish music.

Musical Instruments

The different areas of Spain and the different genre of music in Spain often have different musical instruments that are linked to them. For the most common form of music and dance in Spain known as flamenco, Andalusia is linked with the genre. Guitars, castanets, bandurria and tambourines are lined to Jota music, which originated from Aragon.The music from the northwestern part of Spain have a unique Celtic influence, with their major musical instruments been zanfona, rebec, harp, fiddle, tamboril and gaita. Txalaparta, alboka and txisu are used by the Basques that are reputed for their choirs. Drums, tabor pipe and charango are used by a local jota type genre of music known as Isa.

Different music types

There are many distinct music sounds in Spain. The music in Leon, Madrid and Castlie were influenced by Gypsy, Visigoth, French, Moorish, Italians, Romans and Jews. Sarada music originated from Catalonia while Extremadura is known for Portuguese music. A lot of Christian songs and musical compositions in Spain were also influenced by Moorish music and they are often performed as accapella. Apart from the musical innovation in Valencia, the country is also known for its music that originated from Mediterranean.

Distinctive sound

Despite the many genres of music in Spain including hip hop, pop, rock, jazz, techno, opera and classical, it is easy to know that the song originated from Spain by just listening to the sound. Several Spanish musician have gone on to become popular all over the world including Enrique Iglesias and Julio Iglesias.

Music in Spain has evolved over the years to include different forms and styles. Spanish songs are also well blended with music in the modern era. All of these have made Spanish music to be very interesting, along with their instruments and dance.

Spanish music has over the years been a very important part of European music as it played a vital role in western music development. It was also a major influence on the music in Latin America.